26 January, this is day when the Indian constitution came into effect called as republic after gaining independence from the British Raj on August 15, 1947.Prior to Republic Day, the country followed the Government of India Act, 1935 which was compiled and laid down by the British Government.After the Constitution of India came into effect, India became a federal, democratic republic within the commonwealth, abolishing monarchy.
Going back to the history
When honourable Jawaharlal Nehru ji was our president in 1929 during the Lahore Session of the INC (Indian National Congress).Resolution was passed demanding complete independence. I was then that the day, 26 January in 1930 was declared as the “Purna Swaraj Diwas” or Independence Day. But the demand wasn’t successful until 1947.Hence, to honour the significance of the first Independence Day, members of the constituent assembly decided to enforce the constitution on January 26, marking it as Republic Day.
This day is the most important day of our country marked by various celebrations and events. Majority of them are, the parade at Rajpath, New Delhi will be special this time. A tableau will also showcase ‘Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth’ which is a historical educational institution situated in Varanasi. Doordarshan channel has the exclusive rights to air the Republic Day celebrations live. The decoration comprises a sanad (Certificate) issued under the hand and seal of the President and a Medallion.The Delhi Republic Day parade is held in the capital, New Delhi and is organised by the Ministry of Defence. Commencing from the gates of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President’s residence), Raisina Hill on Rajpath past the India Gate.The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army in addition to the Navy, and Air Force with their bands march past in all their finery and official decorations.
On 29 August 1947, a resolution was moved for the appointment of Drafting Committee, which was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr B R Ambedkar as chairman. The Constitution of India took around 2 years 11 months and 18 days to be drafted. The task of writing the Indian Constitution was given to a Drafting Committee that was lead by Dr. BR Ambedkar.While India’s Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution.On the eve of Republic Day, the President of India distributes Padma Awards to the civilians of India every year.The Indian Constitution is the longest one to be written in the world. It has 444 articles divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. Recently, 118 amendments were added to the Constitution.
The Indian Constitution is only calligraphed. ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’, three concepts highlighted in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the French Constitution.‘Jana Gana Mana’, the National Anthem of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.