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ORAL CARE DURING PREGNANCY

By – Dr Jyotsana Anand Suri

Dental care is a must during and after Pregnancy. Routine dental visits are safe during pregnancy but the treatment process depends on the trimester the pregnant woman is in along with other associated medical conditions. 

Hormonal changes are common during pregnancy which can increase the risk of dental problems along with gum diseases which can affect your health along with the baby’s health.

In this article, I am sharing a few tips that can help you maintain good oral health before, during, and after pregnancy. 

Oral care before Pregnancy

  • Schedule your visit with your dentist for a general examination of any abnormalities to present orally.
  • Get your teeth professionally cleaned before pregnancy .
  • Routine dental checkups include gum examination, cavities, pyorrhea is mandatory .

Oral care during Pregnancy  

  • Try to schedule your regular visit to the dentist during pregnancy.
  • Regular gums examination is important during pregnancy since gums bleed more easily due to hormonal changes. So you must talk to your dentist if you notice any changes like bleeding, pain, tenderness in your gums.
  • Dental x-rays are safe during pregnancy. By wearing protective aprons x- rays can be done. Protective aprons cover the thyroid and abdomen properly.
  • You must inform your dentist about your trimester of pregnancy so that he might prescribe you a safe local anesthetic, antibiotics, and pain killers.
  • If you feel too much nausea and vomiting during pregnancy rinse your mouth with water more frequently. Because frequent nausea and vomiting may cause dental erosion that is the loss of a hard layer of the tooth called Enamel.
  • If there is no dental emergency you must postpone your dental visit until after the delivery.
  • Try to avoid sugary drinks and snacks and indulge yourself in healthy and balanced teeth to protect your teeth as well as the developing baby.

Oral Care after Pregnancy

  • You can get your dental procedures done that were left due to pregnancy.
  • Schedule your visit to the dentist to get an entire mouth checkup done.
  • Inform your dentist if you are a nursing mother so that he could prescribe treatment and medications according to that.

Conclusion

During pregnancy, the body undergoes several hormonal changes one most common symptom is Pregnancy Gingivitis.  It starts from the second month and continues till nine-month.

It is necessary to practice good oral hygiene along with regular brushing and mouth washing, healthy snacking, scheduling your visit to the dentist for a routine dental checkup, drinking plenty of water, including proper vitamins and minerals and diet, and avoiding alcohol and caffeine to keep your oral health at track during pregnancy.

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