By – Dr Jyotsana Anand Suri
NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASE – HYPERTENSION
Non-Communicable diseases according to the World health organization are chronic diseases that kill millions of people each year. Cardiovascular diseases account for most deaths followed by Diabetes and various other Non Communicable diseases.
CAUSES , DIAGNOSIS , PREVENTION
Due to an unhealthy lifestyle, more alcohol and tobacco use, an unhealthy diet, limited physical activity the risk of dying from NCD has increased.
Early diagnosis, Screening, Prevention, and treatment are key components to manage these NCDs (Non-Communicable Diseases).
The prevention includes focus on reducing the risk factors associated and the management includes early detection, screening, and treatment for the same.
Here in this article, we are going to discuss the most common Non Communicable diseases affecting mankind in today’s scenario. But let me first tell you the interlinking between Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension.
HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES MELLITUS INTERLINKED
Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus are usually seen coexisting at a much greater frequency than alone.
Hypertension exists as comorbidity in Diabetic patients. Both hypertension and diabetes are Silent Killer. They don’t produce any symptoms until the levels are dangerously high.
The ideal reading for Blood Pressure is 130/80. So the people diagnosed with Diabetes must get a regular checkup and follow all the preventive measures to keep the ideal blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
Hypertension is high blood pressure. Blood pressure higher than the normal range is called High Blood Pressure. Blood pressure can vary depending on the type of activity throughout the day. Sometimes, high blood pressure doesn’t show any symptoms for many years.
High blood pressure not only affects your heart but with time it can even affect your other organs like the brain, kidneys, eyes. With organ damage, it can also cause damage to your heart in the form of Chest pain, Heart Attack, Heart Failure.
Normal blood pressure is below or 120/80. However, according to new guidelines the normal Blood pressure can be 129/80. High blood pressure is often seen among older adults and people with diabetes are more at risk of developing hypertension. According to researches around 5 percent of people having diabetes have high blood pressure.
Primary hypertension – It is the type of blood pressure with no known cause. It takes years to develop and is due to factors such as unhealthy lifestyle, unhealthy diet, smoking, and aging.
Secondary hypertension – It is due to health problems that cause high blood pressure. It includes kidney problems, Thyroid problems, Sleep apnea.
High Blood Pressure is also called Silent Killer. Because sometimes high Blood pressure doesn’t have symptoms. So it is recommended to get it checked regularly especially in Ageing people.
Some symptoms experienced by people are –
Shortness of breath.
However one can experience these symptoms once blood pressure is high for a longer duration.
Some Signs experienced by people are –
Breathing issues even during normal activities
Factors associated with high blood pressure are –
- High salty diet
- Rich cholesterol diet
- Family history
- Tobacco use
- Too much alcohol use
- Kidney diseases, diabetes, high cholesterol
- Medications such as birth control medicines.
Normal Blood pressure is 120 over 80.
Prehypertension levels are 120-139 over 80-89
Stage 1 hypertension is 140-159 over 90-99
Stage 2 hypertension is 160 or higher and more than 100 on the bottom
Depending upon them you can diagnose the type of hypertension and you can get it checked regularly. If you had high blood pressure in your past then you need to get it checked more often.
Changing lifestyle factors reduces the risk of oh hypertension. Just a small change in your lifestyle can reduce the chance of hypertension.
You can prevent high blood pressure by following
- Stop Smoking
- Stop Alcohol
- Reduce weight
- Reduce salt intake
- Physical activity
- Reduce Stress
- Good sleep
- Lose weight / Obesity
If high blood pressure is due to ay other diseases like Diabetes, Kidney you must consult your doctor for the same.
Primary hypertension can be controlled by living with a proper lifestyle, the right diet with less salt intake, and not inculcating in habit of smoking and alcohol.
The best way is to make changes in lifestyle. It is not managed well with these basic changes then your doctor may prescribe you Antihypertensive medications. But the only disadvantage with this is that you will have to take this medicine for life long if your blood pressure is controlled only by medication.
By the following lifestyle changes, you can manage your blood pressure –
Reduce weight if you are obese.
Eating more fruits and vegetables and less salt and cholesterol diet
Maintaining a habit of doing some physical activity daily.
Stopping alcohol and smoking habits.