Nature has to its origins the smallest to most giant lives. Be it humans, animals, plants, stones, wind, and land; each one is branches of Nature. Our lives were written together, and so was our living on this planet, Earth. Humans have always been considered a boon for Earth, for it stepped forward with the paths that our rationality and ideas had created together. We built tall skyscrapers, we built forts, and we built homes. But we also made the graveyards, the battlefields and the barbed wired nations. And in all these creations we designed, we forgot to take care of the lives that breathed with us. Fauna has been an essential part of our sustaining of this plant. Imagine a lush green home of trees absent of roars, s[rints and twitters; life would succumb in those areas. But jumping into reality, that is what is happening to the green homes today. They lay with scarce roofs and dying lives.
Man has been a hope for the future and Nature. Nature expected care from humans, while the future expected bright colours. But have we, the rational beings, lived to those expectations? Have we fulfilled those expectations, which we also need to carry out as part of this universe? In our quest for glory and wealth, we stand as criminals for all those green homes and wildlife species that do not exist anymore or are at the fringes of death. Wildlife had suffered into our hands for a long time. The so-called mighty rulers fulfilled their glorious hunting passion by killing innocent animals and showcasing their pompous aura by adorning their walls with dead carcasses of the animals. To see different animals and click their pictures, we have captured them in zoos. Even Though providing them with all the necessities, we have deprived them of freedom, for they see only cages restricting them to explore. To built factories, mansions, palaces, malls, skyscrapers, hotels, and so many other heights that soar up in the skies, we have swirled away from the habitats of different species. All these instances speak of inhumanity, which in today’s times has become an unaccepted reality.
However, when shadows are lurking around, the light is not far behind. While most among us have stained our hands and hearts with the blood of different wildlife species, there are also some among us who have tried to bring the dead back to life. The Wildlife species that had become extinct are now returning to life, yet they remain under the endangered category. These slow steps bring hope to bring back the lineage of those species which have gone numb for a long time. Here are some of the species which have been uplifted from the status of extinct to endangered:
Fernandina Giant Tortoise:
Last cited in 1906, the Fernandina Giant Tortoise was declared extinct and put on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list until 2017. Along with the other four members, Washington Tapia, Jeffreys Malaga, Eduardo Vilema, Roberto Ballesteros, and Simon Villamar, under Galapagos Conservancy’s Giant Tortoise Restoration Initiative, founded a female Fernandina Giant Tortoise on its namesake island Galapagos. The tortoise, which seemed to be 100 years old, has been taken to a breeding centre in Santa Cruz Island for further protection and to extend the population of the species.
Sea Otter plays a vital role in keeping the balance of the ecosystem around the Northern and Eastern North Pacific Ocean. They possessed the densest fur in the animal kingdom and were hunted extensively in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. After their continuous hunt, their tally dropped to 2,000. In realisation to this, international bans on hunting Sea Otters and reintroduction of conservative programmes had promoted the growth of this species. Sea Otters have occupied two-thirds of their former range but remain to be an endangered species.
Known for their speed, the Peregrine Falcon are large prey birds. They are known for dive-bombing their target at more than 320 kilometres per hour, giving them the crown of the fastest animal in the world. These falcons had their habitat almost everywhere, in coasts, deserts and mountain peaks. However, they went extinct in the 1970s after pesticide DDT contaminated their diets, and human disturbance also contributed. It was only after a ban on DDT that the falcon’s population increased but remains endangered.
Rodrigues Fruit Bat:
Rodrigues Fruit Bat once flocked the Indian Ocean but now only confined to Rodrigues and has the same name. Their population had gone extinct after a series of exploitation of their habitat. Deforestation, fragmentation of rainforests, less protection from tropical cyclones and others have posed a threat to the number of these bats. Habitat conservation, breeding programmes, watershed protection, education in local communities have boosted their population, but the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has declared these bats to be endangered.
Declared extinct for 330 years, the Bermuda Petrel was rediscovered in the year 1951. After half of a century, with the breeding programmes and intensive pest-and-nest management, these Cahows (also known as Petrel) are rising from 18 to 131 breeding pairs. Seventy-one chicks were hatched successfully too. The Bermuda Petrel or the Cahow (a name given due to its eerie cries) is the national bird of Bermuda and also appears on Bermudian currency. The species remain endangered, and the scientists are working on extending the habitat of these species on restored Nonsuch Island.
Fisher’s Estuarine Moth:
Known to be dwelling under a highly specialised environment, the Fisher’s Estuarine Moth is still rare to be found. They feed on Hog Fennel, a wildflower growing near the sea but ironically cannot withstand the seawater. These moths have gone extinct and were found later only in two areas of England: North Essex and Kent. The surging sea levels and loss of habitats were a threat to these moths and still caused trouble for their sustaining. The local authorities have ensured no risks due to flooding, which has, in turn, helped to boost the population of these moths without their eggs at risk.
All these species are known as the “Lazarus Species”, a name given to those species that become extinct and returned to life. Efforts made by forest conservators, authorities and the passing of laws and norms which prevent further hunting and massacre of species have brought a respite to the wildlife. As we coexist with other beings, we should not be blinded and hanker only after gold and glitters. We should be considerate towards animals too and protect the species from drowning in the pool of extinction. If we have brought back the extinct to the endangered stage, we can surely put in more efforts to increase the species from the stage of endangered. All it takes is our actual rational minds and affectionate hearts!