The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Yogi Adityanath, who is also the head priest of the Gorakhnath Math, on 19th March 2017, took oath as Chief Minister of UP, a state that holds the largest population in India. This year, the Chief Minister completes his 5-year tenure.

CM Yogi Adityanath, ahead of the Assembly elections, released a ‘report card’ and a booklet titled ‘Vikaas kee lahar, har gaav har shahr’ that lists some of the major achievements that the Chief Minister was able to accomplish in his tenure. The report claims that the State’s GSDP has gone up significantly, making UP one of the BIMARU states. The state has a strict no-tolerance policy towards crime and was successfully able to extract illegal assets worth Rs. 1,000 crores. The state has ensured the ease of doing business and has successfully tackled the COVID-19 pandemic. The Government also proudly claims that there have been no communal riots under his tenure, something that was fairly common in the previous tenures.

“Uttar Pradesh is ahead of other states in the country in implementation of 44 development schemes… this record of development has been achieved when the world is fighting Covid-19. By making arrangements for controlling Covid-19, the state turned this challenge into an opportunity.”

This ‘report card’ inspired me to research more about the achievements CM Yogi Adityanath was able to attain during his tenure and present a crisp, comprehensive, less biased report in the simplest way possible for readers.

HOW DID UTTAR PRADESH PERFORM UNDER CM YOGI ADITYNATH?

3d map of Uttar Pradesh is a state of India

Crime

  • Women’s Security

According to a report by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), rape cases have been reduced from 59,445 in 2018 to 49,385 in 2020. It has become the state with the highest conviction rates for rape in the country. Yogi Adityanath’s policies like pink booths, anti-Romeo squads, UP-122 India App, etc., have helped the state achieve such numbers. But, the state is still considered to have the highest crimes against women, and the Government might need to do much more to ensure the safety of women.

  • Gundaraj

The Government has taken strong initiatives to end ‘Gundaraj’ via the strengthening of the law force, which includes ensuring transparency in police recruitment and postings. In addition to this, harsh steps were taken to curb illegal mining and land mafias and close unauthorized slaughterhouses,

Economy

In addition to initiating various policies driven towards the growth of the economy, maintaining law and order and decreasing the crime rate have had a positive effect on the economy of the state.

  • GDSP

As per the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (Government of India), the nominal GDP of the State turned out to be Rs. 17.05 lakh crores making it the third-largest state in terms of Gross Domestic State Product (GSDP). But, even though the GSDP apparently seems to imply that the state is doing very well economically, if we look at the per capita income rates, we realize that it was not even half (Rs. 41,023) of what the national average (Rs. 86,659) was.

  • Ease Of Doing Business

In February 2018, the Government organized a Grand Investor’s Summit in Lucknow that attracted a lot of potential business projects. Over Rs.17 lakh crores have been invested during his tenure by big companies like Microsoft, Bharat Dynamics Limited, AB Mauri, Samsung, etc., who have also established their bases in the state.

  • MSMEs

chikankari work growth of economy under yogi adityanath

Through the State’s One District One Product (ODOP) model, local, indigenous products like wheat-stalk craft, chikankari, and zari-zaridori fabric work have found a platform, and around 90 lakh MSMEs have been established, resulting in at least 5 lakh self-employment opportunities every year.

  • Poverty

Out of the 200 million population, 60 million people are identified as poor. Though the population below the poverty line is decreasing, with presently 26.4% of the population living in poverty in 2021, the overall pace of reduction is significantly lower than other States with widening inequality in the urban areas.

Agriculture

The CM Yogi Adityanath, in his’ report card’ has included some of the achievements that his Government has made in the Agriculture Sector:

  • Sugarcane Farming

The Government has cleared over 84% of the dues of sugarcane farmers, making it the fastest payment in a season in the past 50 years. Furthermore, they have revived the previously shut sugarcane mills and even opened some new ones.

  • Weaving Loans

The Government also claims to waive over Rs. 36,000 crores of loans of about 86 lakh farmers and has also paid over Rs. 4.72 crores to farmers as crop loans.

  • Corruption

Through initiatives like the E-Pop system, corruption was significantly reduced while buying crops from farmers at MSP.

Education

Seven new universities were established in Uttar Pradesh under his tenure. Along with this, the foundation of the UP State Institute of Forensic Sciences was laid in Lucknow.

The Welfare of the Economically Weaker

  • Housing Schemes

Forty-two lakh people belonging to the economically weaker section have been provided houses through various government housing and welfare schemes.

  • Welfare during COVID

Coronavirus pandemic reported on the map of Uttar Pradesh. Spread of COVID-19 represented with red circles on a black background, like a radar screen. Conceptual image: coronavirus detected, quarantined area, spread of the disease, coronavirus outbreak on the territory, virus alert, danger zone, confined space, closing of borders, area under control, stop coronavirus, yogi adityanath

Concerned about the fate of the migrated laborers during the pandemic, the Government provided 26 lakh laborers with livelihoods in 2021 and also handed over monthly allowances up to Rs. 500 to more than 3 crore workers in the unorganized sector.

  • Pension

The UP Government has also provided the aged and farmers with pension schemes, crop-insurance schemes with a budget as large as Rs. 670 crores.

HOW HAS THE CM PERFORMED IN COMPARISON TO THE PREVIOUS GOVERNMENT?

  • The manufacturing growth rate during Yogi Adityanath’s tenure was -3.34% as compared to 14.64% during the previous government.
  • As compared to the statistics of 2012, the unemployment rate till 2019 has been increased by 2.5 times, and youth unemployment is much worse. It has increased by five times.
  • UP has witnessed a 20% decline in murder cases in 2020 (as compared to the 2016 statistics) according to the
  • It also saw a 20% decline in acts of violence in just two years, from 65,155 cases in 2018, it has gone down to 51,983 in 2020.
  • In terms of better transportation and connectivity, earlier, only two cities were connected to the air grid, but under his tenure, seven more cities were included. They are also working to build 12 new airports.
  • From being in the 14th position, UP has now moved to the second position when it comes to the ease of doing business in the state.

IMPORTANT POLICIES UNDER HIS GOVERNANCE

Mukhyamantri Annapurna Bhojanalay Scheme (2017)

It aims to provide cheaper but nutritious and hygienic food to the people. Under this scheme, canteens were set up that provide breakfast, lunch, dinner at a reasonable cost of Rs. 3, Rs. 5, and Rs. 5, respectively, per meal.

PM Gareeb Kalyan Anna Yojana (2020)

This scheme provides free ration to the poorest of the poor and is eligible for the Antyodaya card. The scheme, started in March 2020, was about to end in November 2020, but the UP Government, to ease the stress among the poor, especially those struggling during the pandemic, was extended until March the next year. It also promised to extend the scope of the scheme to include 1 kg cooking oil, salt, and sugar. This scheme has helped around 15 crore poor households.

Mission Shakti (2020)

This scheme was introduced to promote the “security, dignity, and empowerment of women” in the state. The first phase was launched in October 2020. Various schemes under the 3 phases will be launched. For example, shakti kaksha, building 1 lakh women self-help groups, improving the pension scheme, installing pink toilets for women in police stations, special recruitment for women battalions of Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC), construction of health clubs in women’s colleges, etc. were lined up to improve the status of women in society.

‘Nirbhaya–Ek Pahal’ (2021)

This scheme was put in place to help women connect to the state banks more easily and get loans at a cheaper interest rate. It also meant that women would be able to avail themselves of state subsidies under the PM Mudra Yojana for at least three months. Launched under Mission Shakti, this scheme is aimed to benefit around 75,000 women—especially those who work in the ready-made garment sector.

UP Sahbhagita Yojana (2021)

This scheme was specially established for the protection of cows. This scheme agreed to give Rs. 30 per day to a farmer who is willing to adopt a destitute cow and take care of it. This will not only control the population of stray cows but will also protect the crops that are often destroyed by them.

Uttar Pradesh Sant Ravidas Education Assistance Yojana (2021)

This scheme is targeted to provide financial benefits to the children of registered construction employees under the Uttar Pradesh Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Board so that they can pursue their education properly. It will be provided to the children studying at the elementary, college, or university level.

UP Old Age Pension Scheme

It provides Rs. 500 to people who are above the age of 60 years. The said amount is to be given to the beneficiary in their bank account directly.

Population Policy (2021-30)

Through this policy, the birth rate has been targeted to 2.1 per thousand population by 2026 and 1.9 by 2030. The focus will be on providing better accessibility to contraceptives and other birth control measures along with improving health facilities to reduce infant and maternal mortality rates. The slogan ‘Bacche Do He Acche’ has been highlighted, and incentives like additional increments, promotions, an exemption in government housing schemes, increasing employer contribution will be provided for Government employees to encourage voluntary sterilization and limiting families to only two children.

CONTROVERSIES AGAINST YOGI ADITYANATH

Two Notices By The NHRC

In 2020, the police engaged in 3,896 encounters in which 76 criminals were killed in the shootout with 1,154 injured. The NHRC has since issued two notices to the UP Government and its police in two separate cases.

Anti-CAA Protests

As many as 19 people were killed during the protests that happened in the State against CAA. More than 1,000 FIRs were registered against women who were protesting, and the Government’s move to display the hoardings with pictures of protestors at major intersections was a much-criticized move.

Controversial Statements

CM Yogi Adityanath has, more often than others, found himself entangled under the loop of controversial statements. The CM, in a few interviews, has openly threatened criminals to stop crime or else they will be forced to leave UP or “will be killed in encounters.” Statements like “Ali vs. Bajarang Bali” and “Thonk Do” and “throw out Bangladeshi infiltrators” have been made by him more than once during speeches and rallies. He has also been accused of making communally charged remarks.

CONCLUSION

 

Yogi Adityanath has been a very strong and popular yet controversial figure in Uttar Pradesh. He was successful in implementing various projects and schemes that have directly contributed towards the development of the state. At the same time, there have been some sectors where the Government lagged in making progress. Most importantly, it has failed to ensure a high per capita income and reduce unemployment. Nevertheless, the people who support him appreciate his efforts towards maintaining law and order, curbing violence, improving the status of communication through building highways, and increasing investments in the state.

Written by: Aashna

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